A Study Comparing the Educational Support for Students Experiencing Learning Disabilities in Australia and Saudi Arabia


  • Dr. Adel Mahel Alawfi Ph.D. (Education), 13 Discovery Drive, Fletcher NSW Australia, Australia




Learning Disabilities, Australia, Education, Saudi Arabia, Comparative Study.


Learning Disabilities also referred to as (LDs) are very common despite their variations in preference estimates, which are highly dependent on the definition and the nature of the applied diagnostic approach. This study undertakes a comparative analysis of the educational support systems for people with learning disabilities in Australia and Saudi Arabia. Apparently, it can be heart wrecking trying to address the challenges presented by people with LDs. This is especially considering that LDs are life-long problems that can neither be treated nor fixed. Fortunately, with the right interventions and support systems, children with the learning disabilities have the potential to succeed in school and after school lives. Considering that Australia and Saudi Arabia are at different stages of development, the support systems may be varied as well. Although there are different support systems, this paper has primarily focused on three supportive approaches that are applicable in the two countries. Firstly, it has looked at the supportive rules, Acts, and policies. Secondly, the study has also undertaken a comparative analysis of the supportive education systems and teachers in the two countries. Finally, there is a discussion of the supportive government funding.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Dr. Adel Mahel Alawfi, Ph.D. (Education), 13 Discovery Drive, Fletcher NSW Australia, Australia




Alamri, S. S. (2014). Students with AD/HD-Related behaviors: Saudi Arabia mainstream teachers’ knowledge and attitude towards inclusion. Thesis, 1-325.

Aldabas, R. A. (2015). Special education in Saudi Arabia: History and areas for reform. Creative Education, 6, 1158-1167. Retrieved from http://file.scirp.org/pdf/CE_2015062615351819.pdf

Alnaim, F. (2015). Learning disabilities concept and identification: Primary teachers’ perspective in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 5(12), 1040-

Retrieved from http://www.ijssh.org/papers/601-P022.pdf

Alquraini, T. (2011). Special education in Saudi Arabia: Challenges, perspectives, future possibilities. International Journal of Special Education, 26(2), 149-159. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ937182.pdf

Al-Zoubi, S. M. (2016). Mainstreaming in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Obstacles facing learning disabilities resource room.Journal of Studies in Education, 6(1), 37-55.

Battal Z. M. B. (2010).Special education in Saudi Arabia.International Journal of Technology and Inclusive Education (IJTIE), 5(2), 880-886.

Benavot, A., Quan, A., & Unesco. (2016). Education for people and planet: Creating sustainable futures for all. Paris : Unesco.

Campbell, C., & Proctor, H. (2014).A history of Australian schooling. Sydney: Allen &Unwin.

Farrell, A. (2005). Ethical research with children. Maidenhead, England: Open University Press.

Johnston, J. (2013). Contemporary issues in Australian literacy teaching.Tarragindi, Qld. :

Primrose Hall Publishing Group.

Mutua, K., &Sunal, C. S. (2012).Advances in research and praxis in special education in Africa, Caribbean, and the Middle East. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing Inc. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2013). Synergies for better learning: An international perspective on evaluation and assessment. [Paris] : OECD.

Pearce, M. (2009).The inclusive secondary school teacher in Australia. International Journal of Whole Schooling, 5(2), 1-14. Retrieved from http://www.wholeschooling.net/Journal_of_Whole_Schooling/articles/5-2%20Pearce.pdf Rasheed, M. (2010). A history of Saudi Arabia. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Reynolds, C. R., & Fletcher-Janzen, E. (2002).Concise encyclopedia of special education. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Thomas G &Whitten J. (2012).Learning support for students with Learning Difficulties in India and Australia: Similarities and Differences. The International Educational Journal: Comparative Perspectives, 11(1), 3-21.

Westwood, P. (2012). Reading and learning difficulties. London: Routledge.

Wheldall, K. (2006). Learning to read in Australia. Australian Journal of Learning Disabilities, 11(4), 157-207. Retrieved from https://www.ldaustralia.org/client/documents/ajld_4_06_185_196_1.pdf




How to Cite

Alawfi, D. A. M. (2017). A Study Comparing the Educational Support for Students Experiencing Learning Disabilities in Australia and Saudi Arabia. IJOHMN (International Journal Online of Humanities), 3(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.24113/ijohmn.v3i1.25