Verbal Impoliteness, Strategies and Typology
This article has as a starting point the linguistic theories of politeness and the opposed phenomenon, verbal impoliteness. The theories of impoliteness and conflict are parallel, but opposed to those of politeness. However, new research does not admit the description of impoliteness as a mere deviation from the politeness theories or as a phenomenon that breaks rules and maxims of cooperative and polite communication. Verbal impoliteness, a constitutive aspect of conflictive communication, is a prototypical non-cooperative type of behaviour, but this behaviour is not always necessarily and completely irrational or competitive.