International Journal Online of Humanities http://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn <p>International Journal Online of Humanities (IJOHMN) is bi-monthly, open access, peer-reviewed journal. The journal is published by Smart Moves publications. The main objective of IJOHMN is to provide an online platform for the researchers. The journal had been granted ISSN No <a href="http://nsl.niscair.res.in/ISSNPROCESS/issnassignedinfo.jsp" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2395-5155</a> in the year 2014. IJOHMN first issue was published in December 2014 since then it is continuously publishing quality research papers. The journal is published by SMART MOVES publications, Bhopal, India.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope for publication:</strong></p> <p>The primary objective of IJOHMN is to offer an online open-access platform for international researchers. </p> <p><strong> </strong>IJOHMN aims to publish research papers in theoretical and thematic approaches to English Language, Literature, Linguistics, ELS and English Language Teaching and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong>PORTICO</strong></p> <p>IJOHMN is preserving open access e-journals with Portico, ensuring that their content will be secure and available into the future. Portico functions as dark archive. PORTICO provides a permanent archive of electronic journals.</p> <p><strong>PKP PN</strong></p> <p>IJOHMN is preserving published manuscripts with <a href="https://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn/management/settings/PKP PN IJOHMN is preserving published manuscript with PKP PN ensuring that the content will be secure and available into the future. PKP PN functions as a “dark archive”. PKP has developed the PKP Preservation Network (PKP PN) to digitally preserve OJS journals. The LOCKSS program offers decentralized and distributed preservation, seamless perpetual access, and preservation of the authentic original version of the content.">PKP PN</a> ensuring that the content will be secure and available into the future. PKP PN functions as a “dark archive”. PKP has developed the PKP Preservation Network (PKP PN) to digitally preserve OJS journals. The<a href="http://www.lockss.org/"> LOCKSS</a> program offers decentralized and distributed preservation, seamless perpetual access, and preservation of the authentic original version of the content. </p> <h3 align="left"><strong>DOI Crossref</strong></h3> <p><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=ijellh" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> IJOHMN </a>is a member of the DOI Crossref, USA. Crossref (formerly styled CrossRef) is an official Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Registration Agency of the International DOI Foundation. It is run by the Publishers International Linking Association Inc. (PILA) and was launched in early 2000 as a cooperative effort among publishers to enable persistent cross-publisher citation linking in online academic journals. </p> <p> </p> SMART MOVES en-US International Journal Online of Humanities 2395-5155 <h3>You are free to:</h3> <ul class="license-properties"> <li class="license share"><strong>Share</strong> — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format</li> <li class="license remix"><strong>Adapt</strong> — remix, transform, and build upon the material</li> <li class="license commercial">for any purpose, even commercially.</li> <li class="license commercial"> <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <h3>Under the following terms:</h3> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<span id="by-more-container"></span></p> </li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <ul id="deed-conditions-no-icons" class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license"><strong>No additional restrictions</strong> — You may not apply legal terms or <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" data-original-title="">technological measures</a> that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</li> </ul> </div> </li> </ul> Phoneme Distribution and the Sonority Nature of Consonant Clusters in Afaan Oromo http://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn/article/view/228 <p><em>This paper examines an outline of two main phonological elements in the Oromo language. Firstly, it indicates the permissible sequences and types of the language’s consonant clusters given the member sound’s sonority. Secondly, it enlightens the distribution of Oromo phonemes in different word positions (initial, medial, and final). In this aspect, the study is a descriptive work and attention has been given mainly to recounting the simple distribution rather than theorizing the phonotactic processes. For the study, data was collected from five native speakers of the Western dialect and was phonemically transcribed using an IPA symbol. The speech of these participants has three hours of duration with an average speech length of 36 minutes for each participant. The study also attempts to list out the number of the language’s native and loan phonemes employed in the speech of adult Oromo users comparing the data with the earlier studies. With the study, it was observed that Oromo has Sonorant-Obstruent, Obstruent-Obstruent, Obstruent- Sonorant and Sonorant – Sonorant clusters based on the status of sonorants in its phonological system. Of the two-member clusters in clustering, sonorants are the dominant first member sounds in the language. </em></p> Tariku Negese Oncho Copyright (c) 2021 Tariku Negese Oncho http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-29 2021-06-29 7 3 1 18 10.24113/ijohmn.v7i3.228 Evaluating ELF Students’ Speaking Skill at Tertiary Level http://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn/article/view/229 <p>This study was conducted at a Sudanese university in 2021 at the end of the semester to find out the areas caused problems of speech production. The research paper seeks to answer the question: What area/s of speaking is problematic to students? Fortysix undergraduate students in first year, who were majored in the English programme involved in the test. The total population was hundred students. <em>Analytic rubrics</em> were used for collecting data. Tuan (2014, p. 2) states that analytic rubric“… accesses the examinee’s specific strengths and weaknesses and identifies the particular components of speaking discourse that an examinee needs to develop”. Five explicit criteria were used to test participants; i.e.: <em>grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, cohesion and fluency</em>. The test was conducted by two instructors who gave appropriate marks under each of five rubrics (<em>Table 1 below</em>). The test contents comprised some pictures and topics to speak about. Bar charts were utilized to compare and measure marks obtained by students in analytic rubrics, where each rubric was measured individually. The results revealed that students were weak in all five areas<em> (grammar, vocabulary, punctuation, cohesion and fluency)</em>.The highest marks were gained in pronunciation, count 25%, while the lowest marks were obtained in vocabulary, 15% from the total mark allocated for this item. The results conveyed that, this group of participants was weak in all aspects that needed for speech production compared with their level (2<sup>nd</sup> year undergraduates).</p> Dr. Fadiel Mohammed Musa Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Fadiel Mohammed Musa http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-28 2021-06-28 7 3 19 29 10.24113/ijohmn.v7i3.229