Molière’s Tartuffe: A Foucauldian Reading
The present study discusses Foucault’s concern with the nature of power in human society. As the concept of power is a major challenge in communal societies, he believes that there is no longer a single dominant power. The play portrays this challenge for obtaining power and the resistance it faces that can be best analyzed in a philosophical term. The paper shows how various orders of power are at work in a house which is very similar to a battlefield. As a classical play, one may think that the father is the head of family and has the final say but it is obvious that different members of the family, even their servant resist this kind of power. So, the paper analyses the status of power structure in a classical play.
Beach, Cecilia. (2005).Staging Politics and Gender: French Women’s Drama, 1880-1923. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Buckley, Matthew S. (2006).Tragedy walks the Streets: The French Revolution in the Making of Modern Drama.Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.
Calder, Andrew. (1993).Molière: The Theory and Practice of Comedy. London & Atlantic Highlands: The Athlone Press.
Deleuze, Gilles. (2006). Foucault. (S. Hand, Trans.). London& New York: Continuum. (Original work published in1986).
Downing, Lisa. (2008).Cambridge Introduction to Michel Foucault. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Foucault, Michel. (1977). Discipline and Punish: The birth of Prison. (A . Sheridan .Trans.). New York: Pantheon books. (Original work published in1975).
---. (1980)Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972-1977. (C. Gordon, L. Matshall, J. Mepham, & K. Soper. Trans.). New York: Pantheon books.
Greenberg, Mitchell. (1992).Subjectivity and Subjugation in Seventeenth- Century Drama and Prose. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hawcroft, Michael. (2007).Molière: Reasoning with Fools. New York: Oxford University Press.
Huntington, Annette, and Jean Gilmore. (2006). Power and Politics in the Practice of Nursing. In J.D Editor, S.S Editor, & D.J. Editor (Eds.), Contexts of Nursing. (195). Chatswood: Churchill Livingstone.
Jones, Helen A. (1943). The Plays of Molière Viewed as Commentary on Women and Their Place In Society (Unpublished M.A. Dissertation).Loyola University, Chicago, Illinois .
Leon, Mechele.(2009). Molière, the French Revolution, and the Theatrical Afterlife .T. Postlewait (Ed.) . Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.
Mills, Sara. (2003).Michel Foucault. London& New York: Routledge.
Molière , Jean-Baptiste Poquelin de. (2008) . Tartuffe. (P. L. Steiner, Trans.). Indianapolis/ Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc. (Original work published in1793).
Nola, Robert. (2014). Foucault. London& New York: Routledge.
Romero, Lawrence. (1997).The Other Voice and the Script: Re-writing Classical French Theatre.Contemporary Theatre Review.Vol6, No 2, pp.1-12
Woodworth, Mary. (1934). Italian Influence in Three of Molière‘s Plays (Unpublished M.A. Dissertation) . Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Zahra Sadat Ismailinejad
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.