Art of Characterization in “Thank You, Ma'am” by Langston Hughes


  • Muhammad Javaid Anwar Govt. of Punjab Education Department, Vehari, Pakistan
  • Basri Sattar Punjab Group of Colleges, Vehari, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Naveed Anwar Govt. of Punjab Education Department, Vehari, Pakistan



Langston Hughes was an American artist, writer, and dramatist whose African-American subjects made him an essential supporter of the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s. Langston Hughes was conceived on February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri. He distributed his first lyric in 1921. He went to Columbia University, yet left following one year to travel. He proceeded to compose incalculable works of verse, writing and plays, and in addition a prominent section for the Chicago Defender. He passed away from this world on May 22, 1967. (Editors, 2014)

When you were younger, has anyone treated you good or bad according to your behavior? Or do you remember any incident of your life in which you made a mistake and someone offered you a chance for changing your life? Langston Hughes' short story, “Thank You, Ma'am”, distributed in 1958, catches the two circumstances. Langston Hughes was a vital and productive essayist amid the Harlem Renaissance of the mid twentieth century. He expounded on African-American life and experience. Much thanks to You Ma'am is about what happens when a high school kid and a more seasoned working lady crash on a Harlem road.

There are three major topics present in “Thank You, Ma'am”: Forgiveness and Empathy, the Power of Love and Trust, and Christian Charity. At the point when Roger first grabs the handbag of Mrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones, she wrestles him and hauls him to her outfitted room at the back of a house. The peak of the story is when Roger does not leave.


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Editors, B. (2014). Langston Hughes Biography. Retrieved from The website:

Hughes, L. (1958). Thank You, Ma'am by Langston Hughes. Retrieved from TLC (Thinking Through Literature and Culture) :

Johnstone, K. (2017). Methods of Characterization. The Pen & Pad .




How to Cite

Anwar, M. J., Sattar, B., & Anwar, M. N. (2019). Art of Characterization in “Thank You, Ma’am” by Langston Hughes. International Journal Online of Humanities, 5(1), 1–8.