International Journal Online of Humanities https://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn <p>International Journal Online of Humanities (IJOHMN) is bi-monthly, open access, peer-reviewed journal. The journal is published by Smart Moves publications. The main objective of IJOHMN is to provide an online platform for the researchers. The journal had been granted ISSN No <a href="http://nsl.niscair.res.in/ISSNPROCESS/issnassignedinfo.jsp" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2395-5155</a> in the year 2014. IJOHMN first issue was published in December 2014 since then it is continuously publishing quality research papers. The journal is published by SMART MOVES publications, Bhopal, India.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope for publication:</strong></p> <p>The primary objective of IJOHMN is to offer an online open-access platform for international researchers. </p> <p><strong> </strong>IJOHMN aims to publish research papers in theoretical and thematic approaches to English Language, Literature, Linguistics, ELS and English Language Teaching and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong>PORTICO</strong></p> <p>IJOHMN is preserving open access e-journals with Portico, ensuring that their content will be secure and available into the future. Portico functions as dark archive. PORTICO provides a permanent archive of electronic journals.</p> <p><strong>PKP PN</strong></p> <p>IJOHMN is preserving published manuscripts with <a href="https://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn/management/settings/PKP PN IJOHMN is preserving published manuscript with PKP PN ensuring that the content will be secure and available into the future. PKP PN functions as a “dark archive”. PKP has developed the PKP Preservation Network (PKP PN) to digitally preserve OJS journals. The LOCKSS program offers decentralized and distributed preservation, seamless perpetual access, and preservation of the authentic original version of the content.">PKP PN</a> ensuring that the content will be secure and available into the future. PKP PN functions as a “dark archive”. PKP has developed the PKP Preservation Network (PKP PN) to digitally preserve OJS journals. The<a href="http://www.lockss.org/"> LOCKSS</a> program offers decentralized and distributed preservation, seamless perpetual access, and preservation of the authentic original version of the content. </p> <h3 align="left"><strong>DOI Crossref</strong></h3> <p><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=ijellh" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> IJOHMN </a>is a member of the DOI Crossref, USA. Crossref (formerly styled CrossRef) is an official Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Registration Agency of the International DOI Foundation. It is run by the Publishers International Linking Association Inc. (PILA) and was launched in early 2000 as a cooperative effort among publishers to enable persistent cross-publisher citation linking in online academic journals. </p> <p> </p> en-US <h3>You are free to:</h3> <ul class="license-properties"> <li class="license share"><strong>Share</strong> — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format</li> <li class="license remix"><strong>Adapt</strong> — remix, transform, and build upon the material</li> <li class="license commercial">for any purpose, even commercially.</li> <li class="license commercial"> <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <h3>Under the following terms:</h3> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<span id="by-more-container"></span></p> </li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <ul id="deed-conditions-no-icons" class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license"><strong>No additional restrictions</strong> — You may not apply legal terms or <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" data-original-title="">technological measures</a> that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</li> </ul> </div> </li> </ul> contact@ijohmn.com (Dr Sapna Tiwari) contact@ijohmn.com (Sandeep) Fri, 30 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Lexical Semantic Richness in Poe’s Essays and Short Stories: Comparing Corpora with Word Smith Tools and Range https://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn/article/view/220 <p>Edgar Allan Poe’s Essays and Short Stories have been widely analyzed throughout the decades. Previous research confirms an ample use of varied vocabulary in his short stories. Nevertheless, little emphasis has been put on some of his not-so-famous works: his essays. Thus, the main aim of this paper is twofold: on the one hand, we aim at comparing the lexical semantic richness in Poe’s essays and in his short stories; on the other hand, we intend to test the effectiveness of two different analytical tools to check this semantic variation, i.e. WordSmith Tools and Range. In order to achieve these aims, three short stories and two essays by Poe were selected and combined to create two main corpora: one of short stories and one of essays. After separating the corpora intro fragments of 2000 tokens, lexical semantic richness was assessed using the two aforementioned tools. Results show that i) lexical semantic richness is higher in short stories than it is in essays, and ii) both tools have proven to be effective. These results are further discussed and pedagogical applications for language teaching are put forward.&nbsp;</p> Edgar Bernad-Mechó Copyright (c) 2021 Edgar Bernad-Mechó http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn/article/view/220 Fri, 30 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Investigating Reading Comprehension Problems Encountered by Sudanese Secondary School Students: Teachers Perspective https://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn/article/view/221 <p>This study aimed to investigate reading comprehension problems encountered by Sudanese EFL secondary school students. To achieve the purpose of the study, the researcher used an analytical descriptive method and a questionnaire as a tool. The sample of the study consisted of 30 teachers who were randomly selected from Kenana secondary schools in White Nile State, and responded to the items of the questionnaire. The findings of the study showed that Sudanese Secondary School students face problems in reading and answering comprehension questions. The main causes of these problems were attributed to students’ lack of vocabulary and motivation. English language curriculum and lack of teachers’ training were also considered as causes of this difficulty. The researcher suggested some recommendations for both teachers and syllabus designers. As a recommendation for both sides; teachers and students, the researcher recommended that English language teachers should be trained to improve students’ levels in reading comprehension.&nbsp; Teachers should also motivate their students to have more interest in learning English language. In addition to that, they should encourage their students to read extensively so as to improve their level of comprehension, and syllabus designers should provide good reading material with adequate exercises besides English language literature.</p> Dr. Khaled Hassan Ali Eltayb Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Khaled Hassan Ali Eltayb http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn/article/view/221 Fri, 30 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Experiences of the Marginalized Women in America: Re-reading Maya Angelou’s I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings(1970) https://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn/article/view/222 <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: windowtext;">The aim of this article is to discover unnoted experiences of African-American women by taking Angelou’s novel in focus. Experiences of marginalized women in African American haven’t got sufficient attention. Their literature hasn’t accorded the level it deserves. Specifically, autobiographies of black women have been ignored more severely than those of Americans. Maya Angelou, who won Pulitzer Prize for her first volume of autobiography-<em>I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings</em>, is one of the significant authors who wrote in addressing American subalterns’life. This article applies text based analysis and Black feminist literary theory. As a theoretical framework, it enables one to interrogate the relationships between self and selves of black women in America. Hence, race, gender and class issues were the general brands of black women’s oppression. Racial prejudices against black women and the response to the injustices have been discussed based on the nature of resistance from helpless anger to outright protest. In addition, sexual abuse and segregation followed by ignorance and maternity have been analyzed as interlocked oppressions of black feminism. Although different kinds of oppression such as race, gender and class are discussed, the article argues that Angelou’s feminist portrayals are optimist. Thoughtful and kind as depictions show that the triple form of oppression of racism, sexism and classism can be resisted.</span></p> Birhan Assefie Copyright (c) 2021 Birhan Assefie http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijohmn.com/index.php/ijohmn/article/view/222 Wed, 28 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0000