Imposition of Civilization by Depriving Livelihood and Vanishing Ethnicity of Tribal’s People


  • V. Padmanaban Assistant Professor, Department of English, Bharath University Chennai, India.



Sioux nations and to retrieve their lands and to preserve their ethnicity and the demises of their predecessors at Wounded Knee massacre and superseded unwritten literature and history of Dakotas and massacre in at the start of fourteenth century and devastation of livelihood of the indigenous people and the cruelty of American Federal government still lingers in their mind. Treaty conserved indigenous people’s lands but Dakotas had been forced off their homelands due to the anti-Indian legislation, poverty and federal Indian – white American policy. The whites had no more regard for or perceiving the native peoples’ culture and political status as considered by Jefferson’s epoch. And this article exposes collecting bones and Indian words, delayed justices, inter- state issues and ignorance, racism and imperialism and the struggles of the Dakotas, whose future filled with uncertainty by reality and lose of land and cattle over the recent past centuries.



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Author Biography

V. Padmanaban, Assistant Professor, Department of English, Bharath University Chennai, India.

Mr. V.Padmanaban has been working as Assistant Professor of English at Bharath University Chennai -73  since 2014 onward teaching English literature and spoken English both arts and engineering students. He is a research scholar in American Literature and has published various articles on the culture and life style of the Native Americans.



1983 Then Badger Said This. Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press.

1990 The Power of Horses and other Stories. New York: Arcade.

1991 From the River’s Edge. Yew York: Arcade.

1996 Why I Can’t Read Wallace Stegner and Other Essays. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

1998 I remember the Fallen Trees : New and Selected Poems: Cheney, Washington: Eastern Washington University Press.

1999 Aurelie: A Crow Creek Trilogy. Niwot, CO: University of colorado.

1999 Mario Gonzale.The Politics of Hollowed Ground: Wounded Knee and the Struggle for Indian Soverignty. Urbana: Unversity of Illinois Press.

2001 Anti-Indiannism in Modern America: A Voice from Tatekeya’s Earth. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

2007 New Indian, Old Wars . Chicago: University of Illinois Press.


1970 Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: Dee Brown. New York: Holt, Rinehart& Winston.

2000 Voice of Wounded Knee. By William S.E. coleman: University of Nebraska Press.

1996 From Fort Laramie to Wounded Kne: In the West that was. By Cayharles W. Allen; Richard E. Jensen. University of Nebraska Press.

1903-1919 Voices of the American West : The Indian Interviews of Eli S. Ricker, University of Nebraska Press. Vol. 1. 2005

1991 The gohost-Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890. By James Moony. University of Nebraska Press.

1984 The Great Father : The United States Government and the American Indian. By Farncis Paul Prucha. University of Nebraska Press.

1993 Wounded Knee 1973: A Personal Account. By Stanley David Lyman; Floyd A. O’Neil; June K. Lyman; Susan McKay. University of Nebraska Press.




How to Cite

Padmanaban, V. (2017). Imposition of Civilization by Depriving Livelihood and Vanishing Ethnicity of Tribal’s People . International Journal Online of Humanities, 3(6), 19–30.